Hypoglycemia , or low blood
sugar (sometimes called "sugar shock") is a
condition where the blood sugar level
drops to an extremely low level, usually
due to lack of food, or by using up
all stored energy without it being replenished.
(Such as when your puppy plays for an
extended period of time without eating.)
Teacups can be prone to hypoglycemia
because they have such tiny digestive
systems. They can only store a small
amount of food (energy) in their bodies at
one time. Their liver and pancreas
which are necessary for digestion and sugar
balance are also small and usually
underdeveloped as well. This is why most
puppies tend to grow out of
hypoglycemia as they get older. As they grow, so do
their major organs. This makes them
more able to utilize and process the food
that they eat so it can sustain them
for longer periods of time.
Also, other common triggers are
stress (such as going to a new home) or bacterial
infections or coccidiosis.
is a protozoan infection that most puppy and
adult dogs carry, but can lie dormant
and cause no problems until in a stressful situation.
When a puppy is exposed to stress,
and not getting proper nutrition, Coccidiosis can
rapidly multiply in the intestinal
track and cause illness making hypoglycemia worse.
This is why many breeders and vets
have been stumped as to how an otherwise
healthy puppy with a negative fecal
exam can suddenly develop coccidiosis only a
few days after going to a new home.
This is also why having a stool sample analyzed
by your vet is a good idea if you are
having a problem with hypoglycemia in your new puppy.
Coccidiosis is easily spread
through feces from one dog to another and may require
all dogs in the home to be treated at
the same time.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia can occur without warning to any healthy
puppy and can be a very scary thing!
So it is best to know what to look for! Your puppy
may exhibit one or more of these
signs: The first sign that is usually seen, is vomiting
on an *empty stomach. (*clear liquid
or bile) If your teacup has not eaten in awhile,
and vomits without acting sick. Give
them food, Nutri-CalŪ or karo syrup immediately!
Some other signs are: acting
listless, weak, tired, sometimes walking with an unsteady
gait as if drunk, shakiness, falling
over, stiffening up, laying on their side paddling with
their feet and being unable to
get up, and in very severe advanced cases, laying on their
side and being totally unresponsive
If your puppy becomes hypoglycemic,
it is very important that you react IMMEDIATELY!!
If the puppy is not given some
quick form of nutrition containing sugar (i.e. nutri-cal, honey,
sugar, glucose, karo syrup or any
sugar containing product) to raise the blood sugar
immediately, coma, brain damage
and/or possibly death could result. If any of these
symptoms occur, give the puppy a
small dose of either nutri-cal, honey, sugar, glucose,
karo syrup, pancake syrup or any
sugar containing product that is handy.
REMEMBER: to prevent
hypoglycemia, puppies need to eat several small meals a day.
It is much easier to prevent
Hypoglycemia, by always providing a readily available food
supply, than to have to treat it once
it happens. It is very scary to see a puppy that you love
so dearly in "sugar shock."
We recommend you consult your
veterinarian regarding preventative care and
recommended treatment for
If your puppies normal behavior
changes contact your Veterinarian.
Any changes in
behavior can be signs of something going on with your puppy.
You will learn your
puppies normal personality and routine... changes can be signs
something is going on.